THE HISTORY OF FLAG DAYThe first celebration of the U.S. Flag"s birthday was held in 1877 on the 100th anniversary of the Flag Resolution of 1777. However, it is believed that the first annual recognition of the flag"s birthday dates bachồng khổng lồ 1885 when school teacher, BJ Cigr&, first organized a group of Wisconsin school children khổng lồ observe sầu June 14 - the 108th anniversary of the official adoption of The Stars and Stripes as the Flag"s Birthday. Cigr&, now known as the "Father of Flag Day," continued to lớn publically advocate the observance of June 14 as the flag"s "birthday", or "Flag Day" for years.
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Just a few years later the efforts of another school teacher, George Balch, led lớn the formal observance of "Flag Day" on June 14 by the Thành Phố New York State Board of Education. Over the following years as many as 36 state and local governments began adopted the annual observance. For over 30 years Flag Day remained a state & local celebration.
In 1916, the anniversary of the Flag Resolution of 1777 became a nationally observed sự kiện by a proclamation by President Woodrow Wilson. However, it was not designated as National Flag Day until August 3rd, 1949, when an Act of Congress designated June 14th of each year as National Flag Day.
Today, Flag Day is celebrated with parades, essay contests, ceremonies, và picnics sponsored by veterans" groups, schools, và groups lượt thích the National Flag Day foundation whose goal is lớn preserve sầu the traditions, history, pride, & respect that are due the nation"s symbol, Old Glory.
The Stars và Stripes originated as a result of a resolution adopted by the Marine Committee of the Second Continental Congress at Philadelphia on June 14, 1777. The resolution read: "Resolved, that the flag of the United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red và white; that the union be thirteen stars, White in a blue field representing a new constellation. "
The resolution gave sầu no instruction as khổng lồ how many points the stars should have sầu, nor how the stars should be arranged on the xanh union. Consequently, some flags had stars scattered on the xanh field without any specific thiết kế, some arranged the stars in rows, và some in a circle. The first Navy Stars & Stripes had the stars arranged in staggered formation in alternate rows of threes & twos on a blue field. Other Stars và Stripes flags had stars arranged in alternate rows of four, five sầu và four. Some stars had six points while others had eight.
Strong evidence indicates that Francis Hopkinson of New Jersey, a signer of the Declaration of Independence, was responsible for the stars in the U.S. flag. At the time that the flag resolution was adopted, Hopkinson was the Chairman of the Continental Navy Board"s Middle Department. Hopkinson also helped thiết kế other devices for the Government including the Great Seal of the United States. For his services, Hopkinson submitted a letter to lớn the Continental Admiralty Board asking "whether a Quarter Cask of the public Wine will not be a proper và reasonable Reward for these Labours of Fancy & a suitable Encouragement khổng lồ future Exertions of a like Nature." His request was turned down since the Congress regarded hyên as a public servant.